Avalokiteshvara Chenrezig

ในห้อง 'Buddhism' ตั้งกระทู้โดย Wisdom, 5 มกราคม 2007.

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  1. Wisdom

    Wisdom ผู้ดูแลเว็บบอร์ด ผู้ดูแลเว็บบอร์ด ผู้สนับสนุนเว็บพลังจิต

    วันที่สมัครสมาชิก:
    16 กรกฎาคม 2005
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    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Of all the deities in Mahayana Buddhism, the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, Chenrezig, is one of the most celebrated. He is the lord endowed with complete illumination, who refrains from entering the blissful state of nirvana to remain here below and save the creatures of the earth. This devotion to the salvation of others emphasizes the profound compassion this bodhisattva represents.<?XML:NAMESPACE PREFIX = O /><O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]A bodhisattva was thought of as a being no longer subject to the physical limitations of human life, or who was limited by thoughts of themself. They inhabited a "celestial" realm, a spiritual field brought into being by their own saintliness. It was into this blessed realm of being that they were believed to be able to bring others by their own spiritual power.[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Compassion for others had always been regarded as a virtue in early Buddhism, but it had a somewhat subordinate place to wisdom. In Mahayana Buddhism, compassion received an equal emphasis with wisdom, perhaps because the Mahayana was more consciously universal and covered a wider sector of society. In this view of the world, all men and women, not just those leading a monastic life, could achieve nirvana.[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Avalokiteshvara, the merciful, is also called Padmapani. A transformation of this bodhisattva took place in China. As if in honor of his powers of love, the Chinese Buddhists portrayed him as a woman, the goddess Kuan-Yin, who cradles the symbol of the soul in her arms and resembles the Virgin Mary. In contrast to this concrete effigy, India sees this sympathetic savior as a cosmic being who takes countless shapes:[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]​
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]From his eyes come forth the sun and moon; from his brow, Mahesvara, the great god who creates life with a thunderbolt from his third eye; from his shoulders, Brahma and other gods; from his heart, Narayana, the soul of the universe; from his thighs, Sarasvati, the wife of Brahma and the goddess of wisdom, music, and science; from his mouth, the winds; from his feet, the earth; from his stomach, Varuna, an emanation from the sun initiating the cycles of nature and the embodiment of truth. He is a lamp to the blind, a parasol for those devoured by the heat of the sun, and a stream to the thirsty. He takes away all fear from those who are afraid; he is a doctor to the sick, and he is father and mother to the unhappy.[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p></O:p>[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p> (*)</O:p>[/FONT]​
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]In the Tibetan Buddhist pantheon of enlightened beings, Chenrezig, Avalokiteshvara, is renowned as the embodiment of the compassion of all the Buddhas, the Bodhisattva of Compassion.<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Chenrezig is considered the patron bodhisattva of Tibet, and his meditation is practiced in all the great lineages of Tibetan Buddhism. The beloved king Songtsen Gampo was believed to be an emanation of Avalokiteshvara, and some of the most respected meditation masters (lamas), like the Dalai Lamas and Karmapas who are considered living Buddhas, are also believed to be emanations of Avalokiteshvara.<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Avalokiteshvara is the earthly manifestation of the self born, eternal Buddha, Amitabha. He guards this world in the interval between the historical Sakyamuni Buddha, and the next Buddha of the Future, Maitreya.<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]According to legend, Avalokiteshvara made a vow that he would not rest until he had liberated all the beings in all the realms of suffering. After working diligently at this task for a very long time, he looked out and realized the immense number of miserable beings yet to be saved. Seeing this, he became despondent and his head split into thousands of pieces. Amitabha Buddha put the pieces back together as a body with a thousand arms, an eye on each palm to see the suffering in the world and eleven heads, the top of which is Amitabha, allowing Avalokiteshvara to assist the myriad of sentient beings all at the same time.[/FONT][FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]<O:p></O:p>[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Avalokiteshvara, Chenrezig, is visualized in many forms, with various numbers of faces and arms, and various colors and ornaments.[/FONT]​
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    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The radiant white Buddha form representing purity and power of the enlightened mind's loving kindness and compassion is illustrated above and at the very top of this page.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]We may visualize him as a transparent, rainbow like form, like a reflection in water, representing the empty and open aspect of awakened mind. He transcends the solidification of concepts, including our idea that he is "out there," separate from us.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]He sits on a lotus and the flat disc of the moon, with another moon disk behind him, reflecting his total purity. Two of his four arms are joined in the prayer position holding the wish fulfilling gem. In his other left hand he holds a lotus flower and in his other right hand, a crystal mala (rosary), which he is using to count the repetitions of his mantra, Om Mani Padme Hum, Hail to the Jewel in the Lotus, which liberates all beings from suffering. He wears the silks and ornaments of a Bodhisattva, representing all his special qualities, and the soft skin of an antelope over his shoulder, symbolizing his complete freedom from violence. He smiles with deep understanding, love and compassion as his eyes look upon all beings.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The four arms and hands signify the four immeasurables: immeasurable loving kindness, immeasurable compassion, immeasurable joy, and immeasurable equanimity. Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Boundless Compassion, is the very embodiment and realization of the four immeasurables. The four immeasurables are the vehicles through which Chenrezig benefits beings.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]"The first two, the inner arms, have palms joined at the heart, holding a sky-blue, wish fulfilling jewel." (**)This symbolizes that in whatever way Chenrezig manifests to benefit beings, the quality of Chenrezig's mind is never separate from the all pervasive primordial wisdom. In the outer right hand, Chenrezig is holding crystal beads and moving them the way we use a mala to count mantras. This symbolizes that there is not one moment when Chenrezig does not benefit beings. Like the steady movement of counting the beads, Chenrezig is continuously benefiting sentient beings and turning the wheel of enlightened activity. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]In the outer left hand, Chenrezig holds a lotus flower. This symbolizes that in benefiting sentient beings, Chenrezig manifests in whatever forms are necessary in accordance with the mental capacities, circumstances, and aptitudes of sentient beings. Chenrezig may appear in any of the different realms, such as the hell realm or the hungry ghost realm.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]However Chenrezig may appear, he remains free from any of the samsaric stains of the various realms, the way a lotus flower growing in a swamp appears free of the stain of the mud. The left hand of Chenrezig, holding the flower, symbolizes that stainlessness. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]All the various features of this image have meaningful connections to the wonderful qualities of Chenrezig, and by focusing on these details as we visualize the image in the meditation, we can gradually awaken our own awareness of those same qualities in ourselves.[/FONT]​

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    <MAP name=Map3><AREA shape=RECT coords=6,5,622,153 href="http://www.souledout.org/healing/healingdeities/chenresi.jpg"><AREA shape=RECT coords=4,4,6,6 href="http://www.souledout.org/healing/healingdeities/avolokiteshvara.html#"></MAP>[FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Click on graphic for larger version of image[/FONT]

    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Having trouble seeing how your real nature could be no different from that of a being who constantly manifests unsurpassable intelligence, wisdom, compassion, and confidence? We know we're not always compassionate, that we care much more about the well being of certain people than about others, that we hardly know what it would mean to give without expecting anything in return. The descriptions of Chenrezig as consistently compassionate to all beings, impartially, is not a common occurrence in our experiences. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The image of Chenrezig that is visualized in the meditation practice is not a real person who happens to be perfect in every imaginable way. It is an image, an imaginary form with wonderful qualities~Chenrezig glows in the dark, Chenrezig even glows in the daylight. Kalu Rinpoche said, "one does not think of the deity's body as solid or material, made of flesh and blood like one's ordinary body, or made of metal or stone like an idol. One thinks of it as appearance that is inseparable from emptiness, like a rainbow or like a reflection in a mirror."[/FONT]
    [FONT=Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The particular wonderful qualities that Chenrezig manifests for us are just the ones we need to get more in touch with, as aspects of our own nature, if we want to become an enlightened buddha, or even if we just want to become a truly compassionate person. We and the image of Chenrezig are two extremes
     
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